In the United States, stroke is the number one cause of severe long-term disability and of the 15 million people that experience a stroke each year worldwide, 5 million will be left with a disability (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke).
These may include paralysis or movement problems, sensory disturbances, and language problems (National Stroke Association). Exoskeletons are a form of wearable technology that aims to enhance or aid human motion. They are a valuable tool in assisting in muscle training and regaining independence after a stroke. Exoskeletons encourage neuroplasticity, a reorganization of neural connections in the brain throughout an individual’s life, by providing patients with sensory input and learning through repetitive and intensive movements while reducing the labor required by caretakers. These devices are portable and can be used in day-to-day life, outside of a clinical setting.